[Must Read] EPUB Vs PDF Which One is Better?

In the world of reading on computers, 2 types of files are very important: ePub and PDF. More and more people are starting to read on computers instead of on paper. As a result, it's important to pick the right type of file. Each of these file types has advantages and disadvantages, and they work better for different people. In this article, we'll look closely at EPUB VS PDF to see how they work and when to use them. Knowing which one to choose can make reading on computers much better and let you enjoy all the stuff electronic books have to offer.

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Part 1. What is EPUB?

EPUB, short for Electronic Publication, is a common e-book file format. It's made to be flexible for digital books. This allows text to change and fit different screen sizes and devices like phones, tablets, e-readers, and computers.

epub vs pdf


  • The text changes to fit the screen, making it easy to read on any device.
  • Files can have pictures, audio, video, and interactive elements.
  • Can be used with screen readers and other tools.
  • EPUB can include interactive content like quizzes, clickable images, and links within the text.
  • Readers can change the font type, size, and style as they like.

Common Uses:

  • E-books:EPUB is mainly used for e-books. It provides a format that works on many e-reading devices and apps.
  • School Texts:Schools use EPUB for textbooks and academic papers because of its accessibility and ability to include interactive content.
  • Guides and Manuals:Technical manuals, user guides, and instructional materials are often in EPUB format. Because it handles images and adjustable text well.
  • Magazines:Digital magazines use EPUB to deliver media content and keep a layout that changes to fit different screen sizes.
  • Self-Publishing:Independent authors use EPUB to publish their works digitally, as it is supported by many e-book retailers and platforms.

Part 2. What is PDF?

PDF stands for Portable Document Format. Adobe created it to let you show documents in a way that stays the same no matter what software, hardware, or operating system you use.

pdf vs epub


  • PDFs keep the original look of the document.
  • You can open and create PDF files on almost any device, like desktops, tablets, and smartphones.
  • Supports compressing PDF files to make them smaller without losing much quality.
  • You can search text within PDFs. If it's a scanned image, you can use optical character recognition (OCR) to make it searchable.
  • Allows you to add comments, highlights, and other notes to PDF documents.

Common Uses:

  • Document Sharing: PDFs are great for sharing documents by email because they work on all devices and keep the same formatting.
  • Publishing:Books, reports, and academic papers are often in PDF format to ensure they look professional on any device.
  • Forms:PDF forms are used for applications, surveys, and collecting data because they can be filled out electronically and shared easily.
  • Official Documents:Legal documents, contracts, and invoices are often shared as PDFs. This is because of their security features and ability to be signed digitally.
  • Archiving: PDFs are used for storing documents for a long time as they keep the original look and content intact.
  • Printing: PDFs are used for documents that need to be printed, like posters, brochures, and flyers.

Part 3. EPUB vs PDF: key similarities

Now that we've looked at what makes EPUB and PDF formats special, let's see what they have in common. We'll find out why PDF VS EPUB are important for digital use –

  • Digital Document Formats: EPUB and PDF are both types of digital files used for sharing and reading documents online. People often use them for eBooks, reports, manuals, and other written materials.
  • Cross-Platform Compatibility:You can open EPUB and PDF files on many devices, like computers, tablets, e-readers, and smartphones. There are many apps and programs for both types, so you can use them on different operating systems like Windows, macOS, iOS, and Android.
  • Support for Rich Media:Both EPUB and PDF files can have text, pictures, links, and other multimedia elements. They can handle various types of content, making them useful for different publications.
  • Metadata Inclusion:EPUB and PDF files can contain information like the author’s name, title, publisher, and other details that help with organizing and finding the documents.
  • Content Protection:Both formats offer ways to secure the content with encryption and digital rights management (DRM). This prevents unauthorized access and sharing and is especially important for commercial publications.

Part 4. PDF vs EPUB: Key differences

PDF (Portable Document Format) and EPUB (Electronic Publication) are two types of files used for digital documents. EPUB VS PDF format are similar but also have some differences –

  • Layout and Presentation:

PDF: PDF files keep the layout and design of a document the same no matter what device you use to look at it. They're good for things like forms, manuals, and articles where the layout is important.

EPUB: EPUB files can change the layout to fit different screen sizes. They're often used for ebooks, so readers can adjust the text size and how they read.

  • Interactivity:

PDF: PDFs can have clickable links, forms, videos, and other interactive things. They're used for documents that need this kind of interactivity.

EPUB: EPUBs can also have links, videos, and interactive stuff, but they're mostly used for making eBooks easier to read.

  • Compatibility:

PDF: You can read PDFs on almost any device with free software like Adobe Acrobat Reader. The layout stays the same, so they're good for sharing.

EPUB: EPUBs work on most e-readers and reading apps, but not all features may work on every device.

  • File Size:

PDF: PDFs can be big, especially if they have lots of pictures or videos. This makes them not great for sharing online or on devices with limited space.

EPUB: EPUBs are usually smaller because they're compressed better. They're good for sharing ebooks online or on small devices.

Part 5. EPUB vs PDF, which is better?

Wondering EPUB VS PDF, which is better? Here is a comparison for you of EPUB and PDF below –





Adapts to different screen sizes and orientations

Fixed layout, may not adapt well to various devices

File Size

Generally smaller file sizes, efficient compression

Can be larger due to embedded fonts and images


Often free or low-cost to create and distribute

May require paid software for advanced features


Searchable text within the document

Searchable text, but may require OCR for scanned documents


Typically DRM protected for commercial distribution

Offers security options like password protection


Limited editing capabilities, primarily for metadata

Advanced editing features for text, graphics, and layout

Device Support

Widely supported on e-readers, tablets, and smartphones

Universally supported across devices and platforms


Supports multimedia content like audio and video

Limited multimedia support

Part 6. Conversion Between EPUB and PDF

Are you looking for a conversion between EPUB and PDF? While Afirstsoft PDF is great for managing and editing PDFs, it doesn't support direct conversion between EPUB and PDF formats. Instead, you can use an online tool to convert EPUB to PDF. After that, use Afirstsoft PDF to open and edit the converted PDF document.

Afirstsoft PDF is known for keeping your files' original layout intact, making it easy to edit PDFs. Besides PDFs, it can also convert files into Excel, Word, or PowerPoint formats with accuracy. Afirstsoft is special due to its easy-to-use design and many features. You can add notes, highlight text, and make other changes to your files effortlessly. Moreover, it works well with cloud storage services, so you can access and edit files from anywhere.

Key Features:

  • Allows you to access your cloud storage files and edit them.
  • The “Recent Files” option shows you the work you’ve finished or left halfway.
  • Files can be converted into images, Excel, Word, or PPT.
  • Ensures the safety of your files from malicious activities.

Steps to convert EPUB to PDF or PDF to EPUB using an online tool –

Step 1: Go to an online conversion website such as Online-Convert or Zamzar.

Step 2: Select the EPUB file you want to convert by uploading it to the online tool.

Step 3: Specify that you want to convert the file to PDF.

Step 4: Click on the conversion button and wait for the process to complete. After that, you'll be able to get the converted PDF file to your PC.

Steps to Open and Edit the Converted PDF with Afirstsoft PDF –

Step 1: Launch the Afirstsoft PDF on your computer.

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Step 2: Click on the "Open" option and select the converted PDF file from your computer.

Step 3: Utilize the various features of Afirstsoft PDF to edit your document. You can add notes, highlight text, and make other changes as needed.

Step 4: Afirstsoft PDF saves your progress automatically, but you can also manually save your work to ensure all changes are preserved.


In this article, we have looked closely at EPUB VS PDF. Deciding between EPUB and PDF depends on what you need. EPUB can change to fit different screens and is good for ebooks and interactive stuff. PDF keeps the layout the same on all devices and is best for important documents. Afirstsoft PDF is great for switching between EPUB and PDF. It's easy to use, works with cloud storage, and converts files accurately. So, it's perfect for managing digital documents, whether for personal or work purposes.

Emily Davis


Emily Davis is one of the staff editors of Afirstsoft PDF Editor team. She is a dedicated staff editor with a keen eye for detail and a passion for refining content.

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